Sexually Transmitted Diseases

sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections you can get by having sex with someone who has an infection. … STIs caused by viruses include hepatitis B, herpes, HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV). STIs caused by bacteria include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.

Many studies have shown that sexually transmitted diseases constitute a major health problem in Southern Africa. Over one million people seek treatment for STDs every year…

In males, the symptoms of an STD include Burning urine, painful testis, penile discharge, sores on the penis and swollen lymph nodes in the groin.

In females, symptoms include vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, painful intercourse, vaginal itching, sores on the external genitals and lymph nodes in the groin.

If symptoms like the above are experienced, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and co-infection with HIV is high and it is therefore important to take the necessary precautions. These include condoms, spermicides, and abstinence till in a stable relationship.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases may be caused by a variety of organisms and may present in many different ways. The more common forms of sexually transmitted diseases are shown below:

  • Bacteria, including chlamydiagonorrhea, and syphilis.
  • Viruses, including HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika.
  • Parasites, such as trichomonas vaginalis, or insects such as crab lice or scabies mites.

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